TMJ Disorders in Scottsdale Arizona
Temporomandibular joint commonly abbreviated as TMJ is a specialized type of synovial joint which provides a connection between the lower jaw and the temporal bone of the skull located right in front of your ear. TMJ resembles a hinge axis and produces up down and side to side movement of the jaws. This dynamic joint is associated with your chewing, eating, drinking, speaking and yawning. Any disability related to TMJ functioning adversely affects all these everyday functions. Dr Jerome Riddle and his staff at the Dental office in Scottsdale Arizona strongly emphasize upon a basic knowledge regarding TMJ disorders in order to regularly monitor your joint for the development of abnormalities.
Which functional movements are performed by TMJ?
- Elevation of jaw resulting in jaw closing,
- Depression of jaw resulting in jaw opening,
- Protrusion of jaw resulting in a forward movement,
- Retrusion of jaw resulting in a backward movement,
- Laterotrusion of jaw causing side to side motion.
What are the various disorders related to TMJ disfunctioning?
Temporomandibular joint disorders are basically a group of disturbances affecting the TMJ and supporting muscles of the jaws, face and neck in addition to the associated nerves and blood vessels of the region. The most common abnormality which occurs in association with TMJ is the Temporomandibular joint dysfunction syndrome abbreviated as TMD. Various other abnormalities are,
- Developmental abnormalities of TMJ,
- TMJ ankylosis,
- Inflammatory diseases of TMJ,
- Degenerative disorders of TMJ,
- Metabolism related joint abnormalities,
- Neoplastic TMJ diseases.
What is TMD?
TMD is the term used for temporomandibular joint dysfunction or temporomandibular joint disorder. It is also known as myofacial pain dysfunction syndrome (MPDS). It is defined as a group of disorders developed as a result of an injury to the TMJ and muscle spasm associated with severe pain and dysfunction of the joint. It is generally initiated as spasm of one or more muscles of mastication.
What are the causes of TMD occurrence?
Spasm of the muscles of mastication and TMJ injury are associated with the development of TMD. Certain habits such as forceful clenching and grinding of teeth in bruxism transmit heavy pressure to the TMJ causing injury. Stress is an important predisposing factor which is related with tightening of the facial and jaw muscles. Development of inflammatory arthritis in the TMJ can lead to TMD. Pain can occur due to movement or slipping of the articluar disc of TMJ.
What signs and symptoms are associated with TMD?
Dr Jerome Riddle and his staff at the Dental office in Scottsdale Arizona will carry out complete history and examination in order to evaluate the signs and symptoms of TMD. Examination involves palpation of the masticatory muscles and TMJ, assessment of the degree of mouth opening and mandibular motion and radiographic evaluation. Radiographic examination may include conventional radiographs, CT scans, arthrography, MRI and arthroscopy of TMJ. Signs and symptoms of TMD are,
- Pain and discomfort of the joint on palpation and movement,
- Limited mouth opening or trismus,
- Altered TMJ function i.e. Jaws get stuck in open or closed mouth position,
- Pain on biting, chewing and yawning,
- Deviation of the lower jaw on opening of mouth,
- Clicking and popping sounds of TMJ,
- Facial pain.
what are the risk factors for TMD?
Various factors responsible for TMD occurrence are,
- Improper postures during work cause muscular strains,
- History of Chronic inflammatory diseases and musculoskeletal disorders,
- Malocclusion of teeth and history of jaw trauma,
- Genetic predisposition.
How can I get treatment for TMD?
Dr Jerome Riddle and his staff at the Dental office in Scottsdale Arizona specializes in the provision of treatment therapies for the cure of TMD. TMD management involves non-surgical and surgical therapies.
Non-surgical therapy includes,
- Patient education and self care i.e. correction of postures at work and during sleep,
- Medications such as muscle relaxants and analgesics,
- Physiotherapy of the TMJ,
- Splints and mouth guards,
- Occlusal adjustment involving dental care,
Surgical therapy involves permanent changes in the TMJ and associated muscles. It is kept as a last resort in advanced stages of the disease.
Visit Dr Jerome Riddle and his staff at the Dental office located at 7010 East Chauncy Lane, suite # 140 Phoenix AZ, 85054 or call us today at (480)-991-4410 or visit our contact us page for booking a consultation visit regarding TMD.